Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This summary of accounting policies for SPYR, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) is presented to assist in understanding the Company's financial statements. The accounting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.
The Company was incorporated as Conceptualistics, Inc. on January 6, 1988 in Delaware. Subsequent to its incorporation, the Company changed its name to Eat at Joe’s, Ltd. In February 2015, the Company changed its name to SPYR, Inc. and adopted a new ticker symbol “SPYR” effective March 12, 2015.
Nature of Business
The primary focus of SPYR, Inc. (the “Company”) is to act as a holding company and develop a portfolio of profitable subsidiaries, not limited by any particular industry or business.
Through our wholly owned subsidiary Applied Magix we are a registered Apple® developer, and reseller of Apple ecosystem compatible products and accessories with an emphasis on the smart home market. As such, we are in the global “Internet of Things” (IoT) market, and more specifically, the segment of the market related to the development, manufacture and sale of devices and accessories specifically built on Apple’s HomeKit® framework. These products work within the Apple® HomeKit® ecosystem and are exclusive to the Apple market and its consumers. Apple® HomeKit® is a system that lets users control smart home devices, so long as they are compatible with the HomeKit® ecosystem, giving users control over smart thermostat, lights, locks and more in multiple rooms, creating comfortable environments and remote control of other connected devices.
Through our wholly owned subsidiary, SPYR APPS®, LLC, during the year ended December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2020, we engaged in the development, publication and co-publication of mobile electronic games, seeking to generate revenue through those games by way of advertising and in-app purchases. During October, 2020 the Company changed its focus away from this line of business. As of December 31, 2020, all of our games have been removed from the game stores. Pursuant to current accounting guidelines, the assets and liabilities of SPYR APPS LLC as well as the results of its operations are presented in these financial statements as discontinued operations.
Through our other wholly owned subsidiary, E.A.J.: PHL Airport, Inc., we owned and operated the restaurant “Eat at Joe’s®,” which was located in the Philadelphia International Airport since 1997. Our lease in the Philadelphia Airport expired in April 2017. Concurrent with expiration of the lease the restaurant closed. Pursuant to current accounting guidelines, the assets and liabilities of EAJ as well as the results of its operations are presented in these financial statements as discontinued operations.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of SPYR, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Applied Magix, a Nevada corporation, SPYR APPS, LLC, a Nevada Limited Liability Company (discontinued operations, see Note 12), E.A.J.: PHL, Airport Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation (discontinued operations, see Note 12), and Branded Foods Concepts, Inc., a Nevada corporation. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Certain reclassifications have been made in the 2019 financial statements to conform with the 2020 presentation related to the discontinued operations of SPYR APPS, LLC. See Note 12 Discontinued Operations for additional information.
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern. Such assumption contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business, however, the issues described below raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to do so.
As shown in the accompanying financial statements, for the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recorded a net loss of $3,057,000 and utilized cash in operations of $521,000. As of December 31, 2020, our cash balance was $510,000, other receivables of $4,000 we had trading securities valued at $1,000. These issues raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
The Company intends to utilize cash on hand, shareholder loans and other forms of financing such as the sale of additional equity and debt securities, capital leases and other credit facilities to conduct its ongoing business, and to also conduct strategic business development, marketing analysis, due diligence investigations into possible acquisitions, and implementation of our Applied Magix business plans generally. The Company also plans to diversify, through acquisition or otherwise, in other unrelated business areas and is exploring opportunities to do so.
Historically, we have financed our operations primarily through sales of our common stock and debt financing. The Company will continue to seek additional capital through the sale of its common stock, debt financing and through expansion of its existing and new products. If our financing goals for our products do not materialize as planned and if we are not able to achieve profitable operations at some point in the future, we may have insufficient working capital to maintain our operations as we presently intend to conduct them or to fund our expansion, marketing, and product development plans.
The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the success of future capital offerings or alternative financing arrangements and expansion of its operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. Management is actively pursuing additional sources of financing sufficient to generate enough cash flow to fund its operations through calendar year 2021. However, management cannot make any assurances that such financing will be secured.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates and assumptions used by management affected impairment analysis for trading securities, fixed assets, intangible assets, capitalized licensing rights, amounts of potential liabilities, and valuation of issuance of equity securities. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company’s computation of earnings (loss) per share (EPS) includes basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution, using the treasury stock method that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the net income (loss) of the Company. In computing diluted EPS, the treasury stock method assumes that outstanding options and warrants are exercised, and the proceeds are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. Shares of restricted stock are included in the basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding from the time they vest.
The basic and fully diluted shares for the year ended December 31, 2020 are the same because the inclusion of the potential shares (Class A – 26,909,028, Class E – 1,200,480, Options – 5,799,900 and Warrants – 11,100,000) would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss for the year ended December 31, 2020.
The basic and fully diluted shares for the year ended December 31, 2019 are the same because the inclusion of the potential shares (Class A – 26,909,028, Class E – 5,096,840, Options – 9,299,900, Warrants – 9,000,000) would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Product Research and Development Costs
Costs incurred for product research and development are expensed as incurred. During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company incurred $14,000 and $0 in product development costs paid to independent third parties.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive revenue recognition standard that superseded nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under prior U.S. GAAP and replaced it with a principles-based approach for determining revenue recognition. The core principle of the standard is the recognition of revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
We adopted this new revenue recognition standard along with is related amendments on January 1, 2018 and have updated our accounting policy for revenue recognition. As expected, at our current level of revenue, the adoption of this new standard did not impact our financial position or results of operations or operating cash flows.
We determine revenue recognition by: (1) identifying the contract, or contracts, with our customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determining the transaction price; (4) allocating the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognizing revenue when, or as, we satisfy performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services.
Our professional services arrangements are either fixed-fee billing or time-and-material billing arrangements. In fixed-fee billing arrangements, we agree to a predetermined fee for a predetermined set of professional services. We set the fee based upon our estimate of the time and costs necessary to complete the engagements. Under time-and-materials billing arrangements, the fee is based on the number of hours worked at the agreed upon billing rates. We recognize service revenue upon completion of the service.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of ASC 740 “Accounting for Income Taxes,” which requires a company to first determine whether it is more likely than not (which is defined as a likelihood of more than fifty percent) that a tax position will be sustained based on its technical merits as of the reporting date, assuming that taxing authorities will examine the position and have full knowledge of all relevant information. A tax position that meets this more likely than not threshold is then measured and recognized at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely to be realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority.
Deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences related to temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for tax purposes at each year end, based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is recognized when, based on the weight of all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company evaluates its valuation allowance requirements based on projected future operations. When circumstances change and cause a change in management's judgment about the recoverability of deferred tax assets, the impact of the change on the valuation is reflected in current income. Income tax expense is the sum of current income tax plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation or amortization. Depreciation is recorded at the time property and equipment is placed in service using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, which range from three to ten years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the expected useful lives of the related assets or the lease term. The estimated economic useful lives of the related assets as follows:
Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations; betterments are capitalized. The cost of property sold or otherwise disposed of and the accumulated depreciation and amortization thereon are eliminated from the property and related accumulated depreciation and amortization accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to operations.
The Company accounts for its intangible assets in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the ASC Topic 350 – Goodwill and Other. Intangibles are valued at their fair market value and are amortized taking into account the character of the acquired intangible asset and the expected period of benefit. The Company evaluates non-amortizing intangible assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable from its estimated undiscounted future cash flows.
The cost of internally developing, maintaining and restoring intangible assets that are not specifically identifiable, that have indeterminate lives, or that are inherent in a continuing business and related to an entity as a whole, are recognized as an expense when incurred.
An intangible asset with a definite useful life is amortized; an intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is not amortized until its useful life is determined to be no longer indefinite. The remaining useful lives of intangible assets not being amortized are evaluated at least annually to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support an indefinite useful life.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recorded amortization expense of $3,000. As of December 31, 2020, total intangible assets amounted to $20,000 which consist of website development costs. There were no indications of impairment based on management’s assessment of these assets as of December 31, 2020. Factors we consider important that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in the manner of the use of our assets or the strategy for our overall business, and significant negative industry or economic trends. If current economic conditions worsen causing decreased revenues and increased costs, we may have to record impairment to our intangible assets.
The Company periodically issues stock options and warrants to employees and non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to employees based on the authoritative guidance provided by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) whereas the value of the award is measured on the date of grant and recognized over the vesting period. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to non-employees in accordance with the authoritative guidance of the FASB whereas the value of the stock compensation is based upon the measurement date as determined at either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) at the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete. Non-employee stock-based compensation charges generally are amortized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis. In certain circumstances where there are no future performance requirements by the non-employee, option grants are immediately vested, and the total stock-based compensation charge is recorded in the period of the measurement date.
The fair value of the Company's stock option and warrant grants is estimated using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the stock options or warrants, and future dividends. Compensation expense is recorded based upon the value derived from the Black-Scholes Option
Pricing model and based on actual experience. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model could materially affect compensation expense recorded in future periods.
The Company also issues restricted shares of its common stock for share-based compensation programs to employees and non-employees. The Company measures the compensation cost with respect to restricted shares to employees based upon the estimated fair value at the date of the grant and is recognized as expense over the period which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. For non-employees, the Company measures the compensation cost with respect to restricted shares based upon the estimated fair value at measurement date which is either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) at the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company evaluates all of its agreements to determine if such instruments have derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. For stock-based derivative financial instruments, the Company uses the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model to value the derivative instruments at inception and on subsequent valuation dates. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date. As of December 31, 2020, the Company's only derivative financial instruments were embedded conversion features associated with long-term convertible notes payable which contain certain provisions that allow for a variable number of shares on conversion.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company has no significant off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, options contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. The Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with financial institutions, in the form of demand deposits. The Company believes that no significant concentration of credit risk exists with respect to these cash balances because of its assessment of the creditworthiness and financial viability of this financial institution.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 820-10-35-37”) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:
Level 1: Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.
Level 3: Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.
The carrying amount of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, related party short-term advances, related party line of credit and convertible notes payable approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.
The Company’s trading securities and money market funds are measured at fair value using level 1 fair values.
Advertising, marketing and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and included in general and administrative expenses.
Advertising, marketing and promotional expense was $8,000 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2020, and 2019, respectively and was reflected as part of Other General and Administrative Expenses on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
Litigation Settlement Costs
Material litigation settlement costs expected to be incurred in connection with loss contingencies are estimated and included in “Accounts payable and accrued liabilities” and reported as “Litigation settlement costs”.
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, “Leases. ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to record a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 is effective for all interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019. See Note 9 “Operating Leases” for additional required disclosures.
Recent Accounting Standards
In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses.” This ASU sets forth a current expected credit loss model which requires the Company to measure all expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost and applies to some off-balance sheet credit exposures. In November 2019, the effective date of this ASU was deferred until fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is in the process of determining the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company's present or future consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef