Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This summary of accounting policies for SPYR, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) is presented to assist in understanding the Company's financial statements. The accounting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.
The Company was incorporated as Conceptualistics, Inc. on January 6, 1988 in Delaware. Subsequent to its incorporation, the Company changed its name to Eat at Joe’s, Ltd. In February 2015, the Company changed its name to SPYR, Inc. and adopted a new ticker symbol “SPYR” effective March 12, 2015.
Nature of Business
The primary focus of SPYR, Inc. (the “Company”) is to act as a holding company and develop a portfolio of profitable subsidiaries, not limited by any particular industry or business.
Through our wholly owned subsidiaries, SPYR APPS, LLC we operate our mobile games and applications business. The focus of the SPYR APPS subsidiary is the development and publication of electronic games that are downloaded for free by users of mobile devices such as cellular telephones and tablets, including those using Apple’s iOS and Google’s Android mobile operating systems.
Through our other wholly owned subsidiary, E.A.J.: PHL Airport, Inc., we owned and operated the restaurant “Eat at Joe’s®,” which was located in the Philadelphia International Airport since 1997. Our lease in the Philadelphia Airport expired in April 2017. Concurrent with expiration of the lease the restaurant closed. Pursuant to current accounting guidelines, the assets and liabilities of EAJ as well as the results of its operations were presented in these financial statements as discontinued operations.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of SPYR, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, SPYR APPS, LLC, a Nevada Limited Liability Company, E.A.J.: PHL, Airport Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation (discontinued operations, see Note 7), and Branded Foods Concepts, Inc., a Nevada corporation. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern. Such assumption contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business, however, the issues described below raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to do so.
As shown in the accompanying financial statements, for the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded a net loss from continuing operations of $7,110,000 and utilized cash in operations of $1,831,000. As of December 31, 2018, our cash balance was $24,000 and we had trading securities of $4,000. These issues raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
The Company plans to expand its mobile games and application development and publishing activities, such as Pocket Starships and Steven Universe: Tap Together, through acquisition and/or development of its own intellectual property and publishing agreements with developers.
Historically, we have financed our operations primarily through sales of our common stock and debt financing. The Company will continue to seek additional capital through the sale of its common stock, debt financing and through expansion of its existing and new products. If our sales goals for our products do not materialize as planned, we believe that the Company can reduce its operating and product development costs that would allow us to maintain sufficient cash levels to continue operations. However, if we are not able to achieve profitable operations at some point in the future, we may have insufficient working capital to maintain our operations as we presently intend to conduct them or to fund our expansion, marketing, and product development plans.
The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon the success of future capital offerings or alternative financing arrangements and expansion of its operations. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. Management is actively pursuing additional sources of financing sufficient to generate enough cash flow to fund its operations through calendar year 2019. However, management cannot make any assurances that such financing will be secured.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates and assumptions used by management affected impairment analysis for trading securities, fixed assets, intangible assets, capitalized licensing rights, amounts of potential liabilities, and valuation of issuance of equity securities. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Company’s computation of earnings (loss) per share (EPS) includes basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution, using the treasury stock method that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the net income (loss) of the Company. In computing diluted EPS, the treasury stock method assumes that outstanding options and warrants are exercised, and the proceeds are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. Shares of restricted stock are included in the basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding from the time they vest.
The basic and fully diluted shares for the year ended December 31, 2018 are the same because the inclusion of the potential shares (Class A – 26,909,028, Class E – 1,445,504, Options – 12,449,900 and Warrants – 9,000,000) would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss for the year ended December 31, 2018.
The basic and fully diluted shares for the year ended December 31, 2017 are the same because the inclusion of the potential shares (Class A – 26,909,028, Class E – 415,559, Options – 13,320,000, Warrants – 1,700,000) would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Capitalized Gaming Assets and Licensing Rights
Capitalized gaming assets and licensing rights represent costs to acquire trademarks, copyrights, software, technology, music or other intellectual property or proprietary rights in the development of our products. Depending upon the agreement with the rights holder, we may obtain the right to use the intellectual property in multiple products over a number of years, or alternatively, for a single product.
Significant management judgments and estimates are utilized in assessing the recoverability of capitalized costs. In evaluating the recoverability of capitalized costs, the assessment of expected product performance utilizes forecasted sales amounts and estimates of additional costs to be incurred. If revised forecasted or actual product sales are less than the originally forecasted amounts utilized in the initial recoverability analysis, the net realizable value may be lower than originally estimated in any given quarter, which could result in an impairment charge. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of expenses for any period if management makes different judgments or utilizes different estimates in evaluating these qualitative factors.
On October 23, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of all assets that refer, relate or pertain to the real—time cross-platform MMO game commonly known and referred to as “Pocket Starships,” including but not limited to all intellectual property, know how, “urls,” websites, game engines, game store accounts, prior versions, company names and trade names, business plans, ﬁnancial reports, financial data, employee data, customer lists, forecasts, strategies, and all other business information; manufacturing or other technical or scientific know-how, speciﬁcations, technical drawings, drawings, artwork, music, diagrams, schematics, technology, processes, and any other trade secrets, discoveries, ideas, concepts, know-how, techniques, materials, formulae, compositions, information, data, results, plans, surveys and/or reports of a technical nature; and software programs (including all forms of code), software documentation, software development kits, game design documents, and formulae related to the current, future and proposed products and services, including any additions, enhancements or modifications to the foregoing or derivatives thereof after the date hereof.
As consideration for the acquisition, the Company issued 8,000,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock valued at $3,200,000, options to purchase up to 8,000,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock valued at $2,452,000 and assumed liabilities of $210,000 for a total purchase price of $5,862,000. The options are fully vested, exercisable at a price per share of $0.50 and will expire starting August 31, 2020. The acquisition of “Pocket Starships” was reported as part of capitalized gaming assets and licensing rights valued at $481,000 based upon discounted cash flows as of December 31, 2017. The difference between purchase price and the capitalized value was recorded as loss on write down on assets of $5,381,000 during the year ended December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2018, the unamortized balance of $400,000 was recorded as a loss on write down of assets during the year ended December 31, 2018.
Further, 2,500,000 of the 3,750,000 options previously issued pursuant to a purchase option agreement dated June 25, 2016, which provided for the option to purchase up to three million, seven hundred and fifty thousand shares of Registrant’s common stock, are fully vested and remain in effect in accordance with the terms of the purchase option agreement through December 31, 2019.
During 2017, the Company capitalized $175,000 pursuant to a licensing agreement for the non-exclusive, limited right to incorporate certain intellectual property (IP) from various STAR TREK television series in to future updates to and expansions of the Pocket Starships game. As of December 31, 2018, the company has not met certain development milestones, is in default and has recognized an impairment loss of $175,000 recorded as a loss on write down of assets in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Company is seeking an extension of time to meet these milestones and cure the default.
In addition, during 2017 we also acquired the game titled Battlewack: Idle Lords for cash of $100,000, pursuant to settlement with the game owner and developer. Battlewack: Idle Lords requires additional development before it can be released.
During August 2018, the Company capitalized $25,000 pursuant to a licensing agreement for the non-exclusive, limited right to incorporate certain intellectual property (IP) from Steven Universe, a popular animated television series on Cartoon Network into our game Steven Universe: Tap Together. Steven Universe: Tap Together was launched globally on the Google Play Store on August 2, 2018 and on the IOS App Store in August 9, 2018. The Company amortizes the capitalized cost on a straight-line basis over an estimated life of 4.42 years, which approximates the term of the license.
During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded amortization expense of $71,000. As of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the accumulated amortization was $84,000 and $52,000, respectively and the unamortized capitalized gaming assets and licensing rights amounted to $122,000 and $743,000 respectively.
The expected annual amortization expense related to capitalized gaming assets and licensing rights as of December 31, 2018, is as follows:
Software Development Costs
Costs incurred for software development are expensed as incurred. During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $746,000 and $1,666,000 in software development costs paid to independent gaming software developers.
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive revenue recognition standard that superseded nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under prior U.S. GAAP and replace it with a principles-based approach for determining revenue recognition. The core principle of the standard is the recognition of revenue upon the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
We adopted this new revenue recognition standard along with is related amendments on January 1, 2018 and have updated our accounting policy for revenue recognition. As expected, at our current level of revenue, the adoption of this new standard did not impact our financial position or results of operations operating cash flows.
We determine revenue recognition by: (1) identifying the contract, or contracts, with our customer; (2) identifying the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determining the transaction price; (4) allocating the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognizing revenue when, or as, we satisfy performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services.
Through our wholly owned subsidiary SPYR APPS, LLC, d/b/a SPYR GAMES, we develop, publish and co-publish mobile games, and then generate revenue through those games by way of advertising and in-app purchases. The Company’s dedicated mobile gaming applications can be downloaded through the app stores maintained by Apple and Google. The Company’s cross platform gaming application, which can be played on personal computers, Facebook and mobile devices, can be downloaded from the internet and Facebook as well as through the app stores maintained by Apple, Google and Amazon.
We operate our games as live services that allow players to play for free. Within these games players can purchase virtual items to enhance their game-playing experience. Our identified performance obligation is to display the virtual items within the game. Payment is required at time of purchase and the purchase price is a fixed amount.
Players can purchase our virtual items through various widely accepted payment methods offered in the games, including Apple iTunes accounts, Google Play accounts, Facebook local currency payments, PayPal and credit cards. Payments from players for virtual items are non-refundable and relate to non-cancellable contracts that specify our obligations.
For revenue earned through app stores, players utilize the app store’s local currency-based payments program to purchase virtual items in our games. For all payment transactions on these app store platforms, the app store remits to us 70% of the price we request to be charged to the player for each transaction, which represents the transaction price. We recognize revenue net of the amounts retained by the app stores for platform and payment processing fees.
We recently offered professional legal and accounting services to a related Limited Liability Company (see note 4). Our professional services arrangements are either fixed-fee billing or time-and-material billing arrangements. In fixed-fee billing arrangements, we agree to a predetermined fee for a predetermined set of professional services. We set the fee based upon our estimate of the time and costs necessary to complete the engagements. Under time-and-materials billing arrangements, the fee is based on the number of hours worked at the agreed upon billing rates. We recognized service revenue upon completion of the service and billing of the client.
The following is a summary of receivables at December 31, 2018 and 2017:
Accounts receivable are carried at their estimated collectible amounts and are not subject to any interest or finance charges.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable based on a combination of factors. In cases where the Company becomes aware of circumstances that may impair a specific customer's ability to meet its financial obligations subsequent to the original sale, the Company will recognize an allowance against amounts due, and thereby reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount the Company reasonably believes will be collected. For all other customers, the Company recognizes an allowance for doubtful accounts based on the length of time the receivables are past due and consideration of other factors such as industry conditions, the current business environment and the Company's historical payment experience. An allowance for doubtful accounts is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for bad debts charged to earnings. This evaluation is inherently subjective and requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revisions as more information becomes available.
As of both December 31, 2018 and 2017, management has determined that accounts receivable are fully collectible. As such, management has not recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of ASC 740 “Accounting for Income Taxes,” which requires a company to first determine whether it is more likely than not (which is defined as a likelihood of more than fifty percent) that a tax position will be sustained based on its technical merits as of the reporting date, assuming that taxing authorities will examine the position and have full knowledge of all relevant information. A tax position that meets this more likely than not threshold is then measured and recognized at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely to be realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority.
Deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences related to temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for tax purposes at each year end, based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is recognized when, based on the weight of all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company evaluates its valuation allowance requirements based on projected future operations. When circumstances change and cause a change in management's judgment about the recoverability of deferred tax assets, the impact of the change on the valuation is reflected in current income. Income tax expense is the sum of current income tax plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation or amortization. Depreciation is recorded at the time property and equipment is placed in service using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, which range from three to ten years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the expected useful lives of the related assets or the lease term. The estimated economic useful lives of the related assets as follows:
Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations; betterments are capitalized. The cost of property sold or otherwise disposed of and the accumulated depreciation and amortization thereon are eliminated from the property and related accumulated depreciation and amortization accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to operations.
The Company accounts for its intangible assets in accordance with the authoritative guidance issued by the ASC Topic 350 – Goodwill and Other. Intangibles are valued at their fair market value and are amortized taking into account the character of the acquired intangible asset and the expected period of benefit. The Company evaluates non-amortizing intangible assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable from its estimated undiscounted future cash flows.
The cost of internally developing, maintaining and restoring intangible assets that are not specifically identifiable, that have indeterminate lives, or that are inherent in a continuing business and related to an entity as a whole, are recognized as an expense when incurred.
An intangible asset with a definite useful life is amortized; an intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is not amortized until its useful life is determined to be no longer indefinite. The remaining useful lives of intangible assets not being amortized are evaluated at least annually to determine whether events and circumstances continue to support an indefinite useful life.
During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded amortization expense of $3,000. As of December 31, 2018, total intangible assets amounted to $20,000 which consist of website development costs. There were no indications of impairment based on management’s assessment of these assets at December 31, 2018. Factors we consider important that could trigger an impairment review include significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in the manner of the use of our assets or the strategy for our overall business, and significant negative industry or economic trends. If current economic conditions worsen causing decreased revenues and increased costs, we may have to record impairment to our intangible assets.
The Company periodically issues stock options and warrants to employees and non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to employees based on the authoritative guidance provided by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) whereas the value of the award is measured on the date of grant and recognized over the vesting period. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to non-employees in accordance with the authoritative guidance of the FASB whereas the value of the stock compensation is based upon the measurement date as determined at either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) at the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete. Non-employee stock-based compensation charges generally are amortized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis. In certain circumstances where there are no future performance requirements by the non-employee, option grants are immediately vested, and the total stock-based compensation charge is recorded in the period of the measurement date.
The fair value of the Company's stock option and warrant grants is estimated using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the stock options or warrants, and future dividends. Compensation expense is recorded based upon the value derived from the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model and based on actual experience. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model could materially affect compensation expense recorded in future periods.
The Company also issues restricted shares of its common stock for share-based compensation programs to employees and non-employees. The Company measures the compensation cost with respect to restricted shares to employees based upon the estimated fair value at the date of the grant and is recognized as expense over the period which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. For non-employees, the Company measures the compensation cost with respect to restricted shares based upon the estimated fair value at measurement date which is either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) at the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company has no significant off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, options contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. The Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with financial institutions, in the form of demand deposits. The Company believes that no significant concentration of credit risk exists with respect to these cash balances because of its assessment of the creditworthiness and financial viability of this financial institution.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 820-10-35-37”) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:
Level 1: Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.
Level 3: Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.
The carrying amount of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, related party short-term advances, related party line of credit and convertible notes payable approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.
The Company’s trading securities and money market funds are measured at fair value using level 1 fair values.
Advertising, marketing and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and included in general and administrative expenses.
Advertising, marketing and promotional expense was $79,000 and $195,000 for the years ended December 31, 2018, and 2017, respectively and was reflected as part of Other General and Administrative Expenses on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
Recent Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases. ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to record a right of use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 is effective for all interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-02 on the Company’s financial statements and disclosures.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows” which was issued to improve uniformity in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The amendments in ASU 2016-15 were effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018, and it did not have any impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.
The Company adopted ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)” (ASU 2016-18), effective January 1, 2018. This update clarified that transfers between cash and restricted cash are not reported as cash flow activities in the statements of cash flows. As such, restricted cash amounts are included with cash and cash equivalents in the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts on the statements of cash flows. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2018, and it did not have any impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, “Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, which expands the scope of Topic 718 to include all share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. ASU 2018-07 specifies that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which the grantor acquires goods and services to be used or consumed in its own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. ASU 2018-07 also clarifies that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under ASC 606. The amendments in ASU 2018-07 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features, (Part II) Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception. (“ASU 2017-11”). ASU 2017-11 allows companies to exclude a down round feature when determining whether a financial instrument is considered indexed to the entity’s own stock. As a result, financial instruments with down round features are no longer classified as liabilities and embedded conversion options with down round features are no longer bifurcated. For equity-classified freestanding financial instruments, such as warrants, an entity will treat the value of the effect of the down round, when triggered, as a dividend and a reduction of income available to common shareholders in computing basic earnings per share. For convertible instruments with embedded conversion options that have down round features, an entity will recognize the intrinsic value of the feature only when the feature becomes beneficial. The guidance in ASU 2017-11 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We early adopted ASU 2017-11 effective January 1, 2018 without a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company's present or future consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef