Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies

Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2014
Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies  
Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies



This summary of accounting policies for SPYR, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) is presented to assist in understanding the Company's financial statements. The accounting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements.




The Company was incorporated as Conceptualistics, Inc. on January 6, 1988 in Delaware as a wholly owned subsidiary of Halter Venture Corporation ("HVC"), a publicly-owned corporation (now known as Debbie Reynolds Hotel and Casino, Inc.). In 1988, HVC divested itself of approximately 14% of its holdings in the Company by distributing 1,777,000 shares of the issued and outstanding stock of the Company to its shareholders. The then majority shareholder of HVC became the majority shareholder of the Company. Its authorized capital stock is 50,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share.


During the period from September 30, 1988 to March 1, 1990, the Company remained in the development stage while attempting to enter the mining industry. The Company was unsuccessful in this start up effort and all activity ceased during 1992 as a result of foreclosure on various loans in default and/or abandonment of all assets. Subsequently, the Company did not engage in any business activities up to January, 1997.


On January 1, 1997, the Shareholders adopted a plan of reorganization and merger between the Company and E. A. J. Holding Corp. Inc. (“Hold”) to be effective on or before January 31, 1997. Under the plan, the Company acquired all the issued and outstanding shares of “Hold,” a Delaware corporation making “Hold” a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company for 5,505,000 common shares of the Company. Since that time “Hold” has been dissolved.


On December 16, 2014, the Company amended it articles of incorporation and changed its domicile to Nevada.


In February 2015, pursuant to the approval of the Company’s Board of Directors and shareholders, the Company changed its name from Eat at Joe’s, Ltd. to SPYR, Inc. and adopted a new ticker symbol “SPYR” effective March 12, 2015.


Nature of Business


The Company owns and operates a theme restaurant styled in an “American Diner” atmosphere.


Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of SPYR, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, E.A.J.: PHL Airport Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation, E.A.J. Market East, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and E.A.J. MO, Inc., a Nevada corporation. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.




Inventories consist of food, paper items and related materials and are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market.


Revenue Recognition


The Company generates revenue from the sale of food and beverage through its restaurants. Revenue is recognized upon purchase of products and receipt of payment from customers.


Income Taxes


The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of ASC 740 “Accounting for Income Taxes,” which requires a company to first determine whether it is more likely than not (which is defined as a likelihood of more than fifty percent) that a tax position will be sustained based on its technical merits as of the reporting date, assuming that taxing authorities will examine the position and have full knowledge of all relevant information. A tax position that meets this more likely than not threshold is then measured and recognized at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely to be realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority.


Deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences related to temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for tax purposes at each year end, based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is recognized when, based on the weight of all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The Company evaluates its valuation allowance requirements based on projected future operations. When circumstances change and causes a change in management's judgment about the recoverability of deferred tax assets, the impact of the change on the valuation is reflected in current income. Income tax expense is the sum of current income tax plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.


Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated economic useful lives of the related assets as follows:


Furniture & fixtures     5-10 years  
Equipment     5- 7 years  
Computer equipment     3 years  
Leasehold improvements     6-15 years  


Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations; betterments are capitalized. The cost of property sold or otherwise disposed of and the accumulated depreciation and amortization thereon are eliminated from the property and related accumulated depreciation and amortization accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to operations.


Recent Accounting Standards


In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 will eliminate transaction- and industry-specific revenue recognition guidance under current U.S. GAAP and replace it with a principle based approach for determining revenue recognition. ASU 2014-09 will require that companies recognize revenue based on the value of transferred goods or services as they occur in the contract. The ASU also will require additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption is not permitted. Entities can transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. Management is currently assessing the impact the adoption of ASU 2014-09 and has not determined the effect of the standard on our ongoing financial reporting.


In April 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. (ASU) 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant and Equipment (Topic 360). ASU 2014-08 amends the requirements for reporting discontinued operations and requires additional disclosures about discontinued operations. Under the new guidance, only disposals representing a strategic shift in operations or that have a major effect on the Company's operations and financial results should be presented as discontinued operations. This new accounting guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2014-08 on the Company's results of operations or financial condition.


In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which provides guidance on determining when and how to disclose going-concern uncertainties in the financial statements. The new standard requires management to perform interim and annual assessments of an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued. An entity must provide certain disclosures if conditions or events raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The ASU applies to all entities and is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2014-15 on the Company’s financial statement presentation and disclosures.


In January 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-01 (Subtopic 225-20) - Income Statement - Extraordinary and Unusual Items. ASU 2015-01 eliminates the concept of an extraordinary item from GAAP. As a result, an entity will no longer be required to segregate extraordinary items from the results of ordinary operations, to separately present an extraordinary item on its income statement, net of tax, after income from continuing operations or to disclose income taxes and earnings-per-share data applicable to an extraordinary item. However, ASU 2015-01 will still retain the presentation and disclosure guidance for items that are unusual in nature and occur infrequently. ASU 2015-01 is effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The adoption of ASU 2015-01 is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Early adoption is permitted.


Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company's present or future consolidated financial statements. 


The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability to the Company. Where it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its financial statements and assures that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s financials properly reflect the change.


Earnings (Loss) Per Share


The Company’s computation of earnings (loss) per share (EPS) includes basic and diluted EPS. The basic EPS is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution, using the treasury stock method that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the earnings (loss) of the Company. In computing diluted EPS, the treasury stock method assumes that outstanding options and warrants are exercised and the proceeds are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period.


Diluted net income per common share for the year ended December 31, 2014 was calculated based on an increased number of shares that would be outstanding assuming that the preferred shares were converted to 27,403,099 (Class A - 26,909,028, Class E - 494,071) common shares as of December 31, 2014.


The basic and fully diluted shares for the year ended December 31, 2013 are the same because the inclusion of the potential shares (Class E – 3,225,806) would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss for the year ended December 31, 2013.


Pervasiveness of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates and assumptions used by management affected fixed asset impairment analysis, amounts of potential liabilities and valuation of issuance of equity securities. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Concentration of Credit Risk


The Company has no significant off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, options contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. The Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with financial institutions, in the form of demand deposits. At December 31, 2014, the Company had cash deposits in two financial institutions that were above FDIC limits of $250,000. The Company believes that no significant concentration of credit risk exists with respect to these cash balances because of its assessment of the creditworthiness and financial viability of these two financial institutions.


Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The Company follows paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 820-10-35-37”) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.


The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:


Level 1: Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.


Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.


Level 3: Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.


The carrying amount of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, inventory, prepaid expenses, and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.


The Company’s trading securities are measured at fair value using level 1 fair values.




Certain financial position and financial results in 2013, including accounts receivable, security deposits, merchant fees, professional fees and other general and administrative expenses have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassification did not change the reported total assets or net loss during 2013.


In presenting the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2013, the Company combined accounts receivable of $1,093 that were previously separately stated, with prepaid expenses and other current assets, and reclassified security deposits of $15,000 as other assets.


In presenting the Company’s consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company reclassified merchant fees of $12,088, that were previously reflected as net revenues, to other general and administrative expenses and professional fees of $99,861, that were previously combined with other general and administrative expenses, have been separately stated.


Marketing and Promotional – Related Party


Marketing and promotional costs are expensed as incurred and included as a separate line item on the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. Marketing and promotional expense was $2,260,850 for the year ended December 31, 2014. Included in the marketing and promotional costs were costs of e-mail marketing design and implementation, e-mail infrastructure campaign, digital advertising campaign, advertising sonar, purchase of Google ad words, image design, marketing campaign and direct placement ads.


There were no Marketing and promotional costs for the year ended December 31, 2013. As of December 31, 2014, there were no capitalized advertising costs on the balance sheet. The amounts were paid to an entity owned by a minority shareholder who subsequently became our Chief Information Officer (see Note 4.)


Segment Information and Reporting


The Company operated in one segment during 2014, but concurrent with the acquisition of Franklin Networks, Inc. (see Note 9), the Company will report the operations of two segments going forward.