Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2014
|Organization And Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This summary of accounting policies for Eat at Joes, Ltd. and subsidiaries is presented to assist in understanding the Company's financial statements. The accounting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the financial statements. For further information refer to the financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Interim Financial Statements
The unaudited financial statements as of September 30, 2014 and for the nine month periods ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 reflect, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to fairly state the financial position and results of operations for the nine months. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results which can be expected for full years.
Eat at Joes Ltd. (Company) was incorporated on January 6, 1988, under the laws of the State of Delaware, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Debbie Reynolds Hotel and Casino, Inc. (DRHC) (formerly Halter Venture Corporation or Halter Racing Stables, Inc.) a publicly-owned corporation. DRHC caused the Company to register 1,777,000 shares of its initial 12,450,000 issued and outstanding shares of common stock with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form S-18. DRHC then distributed the registered shares to DRHC stockholders.
During the period September 30, 1988 to December 31, 1992, the Company remained in the development stage while attempting to enter the mining industry. The Company acquired certain unpatented mining claims and related equipment necessary to mine, extract, process and otherwise explore for kaolin clay, silica, feldspar, precious metals, antimony and other commercial minerals from its majority stockholder and other unrelated third-parties. The Company was unsuccessful in these start-up efforts and all activity was ceased during 1992 as a result of foreclosure on various loans in default and/or the abandonment of all assets. From 1992 until 1996 the Company had no operations, assets or liabilities.
Basis of Presentation
The Companys consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustment relating to recoverability and classification of recorded amounts of assets and liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
The Company has generated income before income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 of $5,387,533, however it had a loss from operations of $481,659. As of September 30, 2014, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $11,934,042. These conditions continue to raise substantial doubt as to the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.
The Company's continued existence is dependent upon its ability to execute its operating plan and to obtain additional debt or equity financing. There can be no assurance the necessary debt or equity financing will be available, or will be available on terms acceptable to the Company.
plans include searching for and opening new restaurants in the future, utilizing company assets to maximize shareholder value
and obtaining additional financing to fund payment of obligations and to provide working capital for operations and to finance
future growth. The Company is actively pursuing alternative financing and has had discussions with various third parties, although
no firm commitments have been obtained. In the interim, shareholders of the Company have committed to meeting its operating expenses.
Management believes these efforts will generate sufficient cash flows from future operations to pay the Companys obligations
and realize other assets. There is no assurance any of these transactions will occur.
Nature of Business
The Company owns and operates a theme restaurant styled in an American Diner atmosphere.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Eat at Joes, LTD. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, E.A.J. PHL Airport, Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation, E.A.J. Market East, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and E.A.J. MO, Inc., a Nevada corporation. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Inventories consist of food, paper items and related materials and are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market.
The Company generates revenue from the sale of food and beverage through its restaurants. Revenue is recognized upon receipt of payment.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of ASC 740 (formerly SFAS No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes). ASC 740 requires a company to first determine whether it is more likely than not (which is defined as a likelihood of more than fifty percent) that a tax position will be sustained based on its technical merits as of the reporting date, assuming that taxing authorities will examine the position and have full knowledge of all relevant information. A tax position that meets this more likely than not threshold is then measured and recognized at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely to be realized upon effective settlement with a taxing authority.
Deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences related to temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for tax purposes at each year end, based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. A valuation allowance is recognized when, based on the weight of all available evidence, it is considered more likely than not that all, or some portion, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Income tax expense is the sum of current income tax plus the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For purposes of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent the funds are not being held for investment purposes.
Office furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method over the estimated economic useful lives of the related assets as follows:
Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations; betterments are capitalized. The cost of property sold or otherwise disposed of and the accumulated depreciation and amortization thereon are eliminated from the property and related accumulated depreciation and amortization accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is credited or charged to operations.
Recent Accounting Standards
On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASU 2014-09), Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 will eliminate transaction- and industry-specific revenue recognition guidance under current U.S. GAAP and replace it with a principle based approach for determining revenue recognition. ASU 2014-09 will require that companies recognize revenue based on the value of transferred goods or services as they occur in the contract. The ASU also will require additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption is not permitted. Entities can transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. Management is currently evaluating the impact, if any, on adopting ASU 2014-09 on the Companys results of operations or financial condition.
In April 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-08 (ASU 2014-08), Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant and Equipment (Topic 360). ASU 2014-08 amends the requirements for reporting discontinued operations and requires additional disclosures about discontinued operations. Under the new guidance, only disposals representing a strategic shift in operations or that have a major effect on the Company's operations and financial results should be presented as discontinued operations. This new accounting guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2014-08 on the Company's results of operations or financial condition.
In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-15 (ASU 2014-15), Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entitys Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which provides guidance on determining when and how to disclose going-concern uncertainties in the financial statements. The new standard requires management to perform interim and annual assessments of an entitys ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued. An entity must provide certain disclosures if conditions or events raise substantial doubt about the entitys ability to continue as a going concern. The ASU applies to all entities and is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2014-15 on the Companys financial statement presentation and disclosures.
The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability to the Company. Where it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Companys financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequence of the change to its financial statements and assures that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Companys financials properly reflect the change.
The Company has implemented all new accounting pronouncements that are in effect. These pronouncements did not have any material impact on the financial statements unless otherwise disclosed, and the Company does not believe that there are any other new accounting pronouncements that have been issued that might have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The Companys computation of earnings (loss) per share (EPS) includes basic and diluted EPS. The basic EPS is calculated by dividing the Companys net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution, using the treasury stock method that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the (loss) of the Company. In computing diluted EPS, the treasury stock method assumes that outstanding options and warrants are exercised and the proceeds are used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The diluted and fully diluted per share for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 are the same as the inclusion of any potential shares would have had an anti-dilutive effect due to the Company generating a loss.
Diluted net income per common share was calculated based on an increased number of shares that would be outstanding assuming that the preferred shares were converted to 594,530 and 3,571,429, common shares as of September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Pervasiveness of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company has no significant off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, options contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements. The Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with one financial institution, in the form of demand deposits. At September 30, 2014, the Company had cash deposits in one financial institution that were above FDIC limits of $250,000.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Paragraph 820-10-35-37) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:
Level 1: Quoted market prices available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
Level 2: Pricing inputs other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date.
Level 3: Pricing inputs that are generally observable inputs and not corroborated by market data.
The carrying amount of the Companys financial assets and liabilities, such as cash and cash equivalents, inventory, prepaid expenses, prepaid stock purchase and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate their fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments. The Companys notes payable approximate the fair value of such instruments based upon managements best estimate of interest rates that would be available to the Company for similar financial arrangements at September 30, 2014.
The Company does not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.
Investment in Marketable Securities
The Companys securities investments that are bought and held for an indefinite period of time are classified as available-for-sale securities. Available-for-sale securities are purchased with the intent of selling them before they reach maturity and are recorded at fair value on the balance sheet in current assets, with the change in fair value during the period excluded from earnings and recorded net of tax as a component of other comprehensive income. All of the Companys available-for-sale securities are marketable securities and have no maturity date. When sold the cost of the securities is determined using the average purchase cost of the securities. On occasion the Company will transfer some of its available for sale securities to trading securities. When this occurs the unrealized gain or loss is immediately recognized in earnings. Trading securities are purchased with the intent of selling them in the short term. Gains from the sales of such marketable securities will be utilized to fund payment of obligations and to provide working capital for operations and to finance future growth, including, but not limited to: conducting our ongoing business, conducting strategic business development, marketing analysis, due diligence investigations into possible acquisitions, and research and development and implementation of the Companys business plans generally.
During the period ended September 30, 2014 the Company recognized a $304,500 unrealized gain on securities transferred from available for sale to trading. No securities have been transferred from trading to available for sale. The cost basis of the Companys available-for-sale securities as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was $4,072,635 and $4,185,100, respectively.
The Companys securities investments that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term are classified as trading securities. Trading securities are recorded at fair value on the balance sheet in current assets, with the change in fair value during the period included in earnings.
Investments in securities are summarized as follows:
Results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 includes a gain of $483,926 on unrealized holding gains on trading securities. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, other comprehensive income includes $2,813,210 for unrealized holding gains on available-for-sale securities.
Realized gains and losses are determined on the basis of specific identification. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, sales proceeds and gross realized gains and losses on securities classified as available-for-sale securities and trading securities were:
The following table discloses the assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the methods used to determine fair value:
Generally, for all trading securities and available-for-sale securities, fair value is determined by reference to quoted market prices.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef